Canada is taking some serious steps to manage its forests and its future. The government has launched a call for proposals under IFIT. Forestry is nothing but tree planting. The government of Canada’s priority is the development of innovative new products for its forest sector.
Forest management to protect the country’s publicly owned forests.
According to the forest management plan, every forest company lawfully must draw up and get approved by the government before proceeding with the harvesting on public lands. The plan covers several decades. It outlines a strategy and commitment to protecting the forest in the area under management. Along with assessing the current conditions of the forest, it also details the forest values in the area. It also describes the management objectives and harvesting and regeneration plans to be carried out to achieve those objectives.
Plan approval is crucial.
Since most of the forestry is done by private forestry companies in publicly owned forests, there are some guidelines and agreements that must be stringently adhered. The companies are to operate under a license issued by the territorial government, and any harvesting must be kicked off only after the approval of the government. The approval is never automatic with the issuance of the license.
Forest management planning support and ensure a sustainable forestry
Varying by jurisdiction, the development of management plans involves inputs from the government agencies, industry, the public, and the stakeholders. Also, it draws more details to specific areas and extends over a period of years.
These practices ensure that the plans are followed
The government oversight continues even after a forest management plan. They closely monitor the private forest companies, track the timber removed, review the forest plans every 5 or 10 years, and audit the compliance of the companies.
Public participation is vital.
It ensures that the forestry planning process is transparent and involves Canadians in the decision-making. It includes community representatives, industry and environmental groups, and aboriginal people. The plans, too, are made available for public view and comment.
The research for forest management projects includes the study of wildlife habitat, forest growth, and yield and pest management. Many factors have directly enhanced forestry. The inventory advances have significantly increased the accuracy and the quality of the forest inventories and help the forest managers reduce the size of are harvested.
It helps determine the northern limit of sustainable-scale harvesting. It collaborates with FPInnovations to develop innovative partial cutting approaching for profitable and sustainable harvesting and regenerating of forests.